Restored English Translation of Genesis: Chapter 17

Here is my Restored English Translation (RET) of Beresheet (Genesis) chapter 17.  As usual, it contains the Hebrew names, with a glossary of them after the chapter.  At the very end is a glossary of where the Aleph-Tavs occur, as they are no longer included in the main text.

CHAPTER 17
1 And when Avram was 99 years old, YEHOVAH appeared to Avram and said to him, “I AM EL SHADDAI! Walk before Me and be perfect, 2 and I will make My Covenant between Me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly.” 3 And Avram fell on his face. And ELOHIM spoke with him, saying, 4 “As for Me, behold, My Covenant is with you, and you will be the ancestor of many nations. 5 Neither will your name be called Avram any longer, but your name shall be Avraham, for I have made you an ancestor of many nations. 6 And I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come out of you. 7 And I will establish My Covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be ELOHIM to you and to your descendants after you. 8 And I will give to you and to your seed after you the land of your sojourning: all the land of Kena’an for a possession never-ending. And I will be to them for an ELOHIM.” 9 And ELOHIM said to Avraham, “And you shall keep My Covenant, you and your descendants after you in their generations. 10 This is My Covenant, which you shall guard, between Me and you and your seed after you: every son among you shall be circumcised. 11 And you will circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, and it shall be a token of the Covenant between Me and you. 12 And the son of eight days among you shall be circumcised, every male child in your generations, whether he be born in your house or bought with silver from any stranger who is not of your seed. 13 Both he that is born in your house and he that is bought with your money must be circumcised, and My Covenant will be in your flesh for an everlasting Covenant. 14 And the uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, his soul shall be cut off from his people; he has broken My Covenant.”
15 And ELOHIM said to Avraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you will not call her name Sarai, but her name will be Sarah. 16 And I will bless her and give you a son out of her. Yes, I will bless her, and she will become nations. Kings of peoples shall be out of her.” 17 Then Avraham fell on his face and laughed and said in his heart, “Shall a child be born to him who is 100 years old? And will Sarah, a daughter of 90 years, bear?” 18 And Avraham said to ELOHIM, “Oh that Yishma’el might live before you!” 19 And ELOHIM said, “Your wife Sarah will indeed bear you a son, and you will call his name Yitschak; and I will establish My Covenant with him for an everlasting Covenant with his descendants after him. 20 And as for Yishma’el, I have heard you. Behold, I have blessed him and will make him fruitful and will multiply him exceedingly. He will father 12 princes and I will make a great nation of him. 21 But I will establish My Covenant with Yitschak, whom Sarah will bear to you at this set-apart time next year.” 22 And He finished talking with him, and ELOHIM went up from Avraham. 23 And Avraham took his son Yishma’el and all the children of his house and all purchased with his money – every male among the men of Avraham’s house. And he circumcised the flesh of their foreskins in the same day, even as ELOHIM said to him. 24 And Avraham was 99 years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25 And his son Yishmael was 13 years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 26 In the same day both Avraham and Yishmael his son were circumcised. 27 And all the men of his house, both born in the house or bought with silver fron a son of a foreigner, were circumcised with him.
Glossary
Avram – Abram
YEHOVAH – The Lord
EL SHADDAI – God Almighty
ELOHIM – God
Avraham – Abraham
Kena’an – Canaan
Yishma’el – Ishmael
Yitschak – Isaac
Where the Alef-Tavs occur
Verse 5:  Neither will be any longer את your name Avram, but your name shall be Avraham, for I have made you an ancestor of many nations.
Verse 7:  And I will establish את My Covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be ELOHIM to you and to your descendants after you.
Verse 8:  And I will give to you and to your seed after you את the land of your sojourning: את all the land of Kena’an for a possession never-ending. And I will be to them for an ELOHIM.”
Verse 9:  And ELOHIM said to Avraham, “And you את My Covenant shall keep, you and your descendants after you in their generations.
Verse 11:  And you will circumcise את the flesh of your foreskin, and it shall be a token of the Covenant between Me and you.
Verse 14:  And the uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in את the flesh of his foreskin, his soul shall be cut off from his people; את My Covenant he has broken.”
Verse 15:  And ELOHIM said to Avraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you will not call את her name Sarai, but Sarah will be her name.
Verse 19:  And ELOHIM said, “Your wife Sarah will indeed bear you a son, and you will call את his name Yitschak; and I will establish את My Covenant with him for an everlasting Covenant with his descendants after him.
Verse 21:  But את My Covenant I will establish with את Yitschak, whom Sarah will bear to you at this set-apart time next year.”
Verse 23:  And took Avraham את Yishma’el his son and את all the children of his house and את all purchased with his money – every male among the men of Avraham’s house. And he circumcised the flesh of their foreskins in the same day, even as ELOHIM said to him.
Verse 25:  And his son Yishmael was 13 years old when he was circumcised in את the flesh of his foreskin.

5 thoughts on “Restored English Translation of Genesis: Chapter 17

  1. Found it interesting that you translated Avraham as ancestor of many nations rather than father of many nations. Personally, father of many nations is more accurate and personal than the word ancestor. 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    1. In Hebrew, father, grandfather, ancestor, etc, are all one word. I try to distinguish between literal father – and a grandfather or other ancestor. Father of many nations is more poetic and personal, but I think ancestor works as well. The actual fathers of the nations were his children and grandchildren. He was sort of the “grandfather” of the Ishmaelites, Edomites, Israelites, Midianites, etc. The Ishmaelites have today become the Arab nations, while the Israelites the Western nations.
      That’s my two cents’ worth, anyway.

      Liked by 1 person

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