Restored English Translation of Genesis: Chapter 41

After a two-week break, here is my Restored English Translation (RET) of Beresheet (Genesis) chapter 41.  As usual, it contains the Hebrew names, with a glossary of them afterwards.  At the end is a list of when the Aleph Tavs occur, as they are no longer included in the main text.

(Note: to clarify, this is MY OWN translation of the Bible, which I am in the middle of working on.)

There is a disagreement among the manuscripts as to the wording of verse 16.  The Masoretic Text reads “It is apart from me; ELOHIM will give Pharaoh an answer of peace.”  The Peshitta reads “Do you think, perhaps, that without ELOAH I am able to give Pharaoh an answer of peace?”  The Samaritan Pentateuch and a copy among the Dead Sea Scrolls read “Apart from me ELOHIM will not give Pharaoh an answer of peace” (which the Septuagint reads) or “Apart from ELOHIM Pharaoh will not receive an answer.”  Quite a selection to choose from – and a choice I stressed over for a while.  I’ve chosen “Apart from me ELOHIM will not give Pharaoh an answer of peace” for being the earliest and most predominant reading.

In verses 56 and 57, when describing the extent of the famine, the word erets can be translated both as “earth” and “land”, and it’s unclear which is meant.  The famine certainly went well beyond Egypt, although it probably didn’t cover the entire globe.

CHAPTER 41

1 And it was at the end of two years of days that Pharaoh dreamed; and behold, he stood by the river. 2 And behold, there came up out of the river 7 cows beautiful of form and fat of flesh; and they grazed in the bulrushes. 3 And behold, 7 other cows came up after them out of the river, evil in appearance and thin of flesh. And they stood by the other cows on the bank of the river. 4 And the evil-appearing and thin-fleshed cows ate up the 7 well-favoured and fat cows. And Pharaoh awoke. 5 And he slept and dreamed the second time. And behold, 7 ears of corn came up on one stalk, fat and good. 6 And behold, 7 thin ears and blasted with the east wind sprung up after them. 7 And the seven thin ears devoured the seven fat and good ears. And Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream. 8 And it was in the morning that his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all the magicians and all the wise men of Mitsrayim. And Pharaoh told them his dream, but there was none that could interpret them to Pharaoh. 9 Then the chief of the cupbearers spoke to Pharaoh, saying, “I do remember my sin today. 10 Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and put me under guard in the chief of the executioners’ house, both me and the chief of the bakers. 11 And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he; we dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream. 12 And there was there with us a young man, an Ivri, servant to the chief of the executioners. And we told him, and he interpreted our dreams to us; he interpreted to each man according to his dream. 13 And it was, as he interpreted to us, so it was: me he restored to my office, and him he hanged.” 14 Then Pharaoh sent and called Yosef, and they brought him hurriedly out of the dungeon. And he shaved himself and changed his clothes and came in to Pharaoh. 15 And Pharaoh said to Yosef, “I have dreamed a dream, and there is none who can interpret it. But I have heard it said of you that you can understand a dream to interpret it.” 16 And Yosef answered Pharaoh, saying, “Apart from me ELOHIM will not give Pharaoh an answer of peace.” 17 And Pharaoh said to Yosef, “In my dream, behold, I stood on the bank of the river. 18 And behold, 7 cows, fat of flesh and well-favoured, came up out of the river.  And they fed in a meadow. 19 And behold, 7 other cows came up after them, poor and very evil of appearance and thin of flesh, such as I never saw in all the land of Mitsrayim for badness. 20 And the thin and the evil-appearing cows ate up the first 7 fat cows. 21 And when they had eaten them up, it could not be known that they had eaten them, but they were still evil-looking, as at the beginning. So I awoke. 22 And I saw in my dream, and behold, 7 ears came up in one stalk, full and good. 23 And, behold, 7 ears, withered, thin, and blasted with the east wind, sprouted after them. 24 And the thin ears swallowed the 7 good ears. And I spoke to the magicians, but there was none who could reveal it to me.” 25 And Yosef said to Pharaoh, “The Pharaoh’s dream, it is one. What The ELOHIM is about to do He has shown Pharaoh. 26 The 7 good cows are 7 years, and the 7 good ears are 7 years. The dream is one. 27 And the 7 thin and evil-appearing cows that came up after them are 7 years, and the 7 empty ears blasted with the east wind will be 7 years of famine. 28 This is the thing which I have spoken to Pharaoh: what ELOHIM is about to do He showed to Pharaoh. 29 Behold, 7 years of great plenty are coming throughout all the land of Mitsrayim. 30 And there will arise after them 7 years of famine. And all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Mitsrayim; and the famine will consume the famine. 31 And the plenty will not be known in the land in the face of that famine following, for it will be very severe. 32 And for that reason the dream was doubled to Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is established by The ELOHIM, and The ELOHIM will hurry to do it. 33 And now let Pharaoh look for a man understanding and wise, and set him over the land of Mitsrayim. 34 Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint overseers over the land, and take up the 5th part of the land of Mitsrayim in the 7 years of plenty. 35 And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up grain under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities. 36 And that food will be for store to the land against the 7 years of famine that will be in the land of Mitsrayim, that the land not be cut off through the famine.” 37 And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of all his servants. 38 And Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find such a one as this, a man in whom the Ruach of ELOHIM is?” 39 And Pharaoh said to Yosef, “After ELOHIM has shown you all this, there is none as understanding and wise as you are. 40 You will be over my house, and all my people will be ruled according to your word. Only in the throne will I be greater than you.” 41 And Pharaoh said to Yosef, “See, I have set you over all the land of Mitsrayim.” 42 And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand and put it on Yosef’s hand, and him in clothes of fine linen, and put a gold chain on his neck. 43 And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had. And they cried before him, “Bow the knee!” And he made him ruler over all the land of Mitsrayim. 44 And Pharaoh said to Yosef, “I am Pharaoh, and without your word no man will lift his hand or foot in all the land of Mitsrayim.” 45 And Pharaoh called Yosef’s name Tsafnat-Paneach. And he gave him Asenat the daughter of Poti-Pherah, priest of On, for a wife. And Yosef went out over all the land of Mitsrayim. 46 And Yosef was 30 years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Mitsrayim. And Yosef went out from the face of Pharaoh and crossed over all the land of Mitsrayim. 47 And in the 7 years of plenty the earth produced by handfuls. 48 And he gathered all the food of the 7 years which were in the land of Mitsrayim, and laid up the food in the cities. He laid up the food of the field, which was around cities, in the same place. 49 And Yosef gathered grain as the sand of the sea, very much, until he stopped counting it, for it was without number. 50 And two sons were born to Yosef before the years of famine came, whom Asenat the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On bore to him. 51 And called Yosef the name of the firstborn Menasheh, “For ELOHIM has made me forget all my misfortune, and all my father’s house.” 52 And he called the name of the second Efraim, “For ELOHIM has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.” 53 And the 7 years of plenty that were in the land of Mitarayim were ended. 54 And the 7 years of famine began to come, just as Yosef had said. And the famine was in all lands; but in all the land of Mitsrayim there was bread. 55 And all the land of Mitsrayim hungered, and the people cried to Pharaoh for bread. And Pharaoh said to all the Mitsrim, “Go to Yosef. What he says to you, do.” 56 And the famine was over all the face of the earth; and Yosef opened all the storehouses and sold to the Mitsrim. And the famine was severe in the land of Mitsrayim. 57 And all the earth came to Mitsrayim to Yosef to buy because the famine was severe in all lands.

Glossary

Mitsrayim – Egypt

Ivri – Hebrew

Yosef – Joseph

ELOHIM – God

Ruach – [Holy] Spirit

Tsafnat-Paneach – Zaphenath-Paaneah

Asenat – Asenath

Menasheh – Manasseh

Efraim – Ephraim

Mitsrim – Egyptians

Where the Aleph Tavs occur

Verse 4: And ate up the evil-appearing and thin-fleshed cows את the 7 well favoured and fat cows. And Pharaoh awoke.

Verse 7: And devoured the seven thin ears את seven the fat and good ears. And Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream.

Verse 8: And it was in the morning that his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for את all the magicians of Mitsrayim, and את all the wise men of it. And Pharaoh told them את his dream, but there was none that could interpret them to Pharaoh.

Verse 9: Then spoke the chief of the cupbearers to את Pharaoh, saying, את “I do remember my sin today.

Verse 10: Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and put me under guard in the chief of the executioners’ house, both me and את the chief of the bakers.

Verse 12: And there was there with us a young man, an Ivri, servant to the chief of the executioners. And we told him, and he interpreted to us את our dreams; he interpreted to each man according to his dream.

Verse 14: Then Pharaoh sent and called את Yosef, and they brought him hurriedly out of the dungeon. And he shaved himself and changed his clothes and came in to Pharaoh.

Verse 16: And answered Yosef את Pharaoh, saying, “Apart from me ELOHIM will not give Pharaoh an answer of peace.”

Verse 20: And ate up the cows thin and the evil-appearing את 7 the first fat cows.

Verse 24: And swallowed the thin ears את 7 the good ears. And I spoke to the magicians, but there was none who could reveal it to me.”

Verse 25: And Yosef said to Pharaoh, “The Pharaoh’s dream, one it is. את What The ELOHIM is about to do He has shown Pharaoh.

Verse 28: This is the thing which I have spoken to Pharaoh: what ELOHIM is about to do He showed to את Pharaoh.

Verse 30: And there will arise after them 7 years of famine. And all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Mitsrayim; and will consume the famine את the land.

Verse 34: Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint overseers over the land, and take up the 5th part of the את land of Mitsrayim in the 7 years of plenty.

Verse 35: And let them gather את all the food of those good years that come, and lay up grain under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities.

Verse 39: And Pharaoh said to Yosef, “After ELOHIM has shown you את all this, there is none as understanding and wise as you are.

Verse 42: And took off את Pharaoh his ring from his hand and put it on Yosef’s hand, and him in clothes of fine linen, and put a gold chain on his neck.

Verse 44: And Pharaoh said to Yosef, “I am Pharaoh, and without your word will lift no man את his hand or את foot in all the land of Mitsrayim.”

Verse 45: And Pharaoh called Yosef’s name Tsafnat-Paneach. And he gave him את Asenat the daughter of Poti-Pherah, priest of On, for a wife. And Yosef went out over all the land of Mitsrayim.

Verse 48: And he gathered את all the food of the 7 years which were in the land of Mitsrayim, and laid up the food in the cities. The food of the field, which was around city, he laid up in the same place.

Verse 51: And called Yosef את the name of the firstborn Menasheh, “For has made me forget ELOHIM את all my toil, and את all my father’s house.”

Verse 52: And את the name of the second he called Efraim, “For ELOHIM has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.”

Verse 56: And the famine was over all the face of the earth; and Yosef opened את all the storehouses and sold to the Mitsrim. And the famine was severe in the land of Mitsrayim.

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