Restored English Translation of Esther: Chapter 4

Today I present my Restored English Translation (RET) of the 4th chapter of the Megillat Ester, commonly known as the Book of Esther.  You’ll probably know this as chapter 2, as some sections of the original Book of Esther were removed between the 7th and 11th centuries AD by the Masoretic scribes, and in the 1600s from English Protestant Bibles.  See Restored English Translation of Esther: Chapter 1 and The Canon of Scripture, Part 1: The Apocrypha.

As usual, it contains the Hebrew names, with a glossary of them afterward.  At the end is a list of where the Aleph Tavs occur, as they are no longer included in the main text.

CHAPTER 4

1 After these things, when King Achashverosh’s anger was appeased, he remembered Vashti and what she had done, and what was decreed against her. 2 Then the King’s servants who ministered to him said, “Let young women, virgins, fair of appearance, be sought for the King. 3 And let the King appoint superintendents in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they may gather all the young women, virgins, fair of form, to Shushan the palace, to the house of the women to the custody of Hegai the king’s eunuch, keeper of the women; and let their things for purification be given them. 4 And let the young woman who is pleasing in the eyes of the King reign instead of Vashti.” And the thing was pleasing in the eyes of the King; and he did so.
5 Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Yehudi man whose name was Mordekai, the son of Yair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Binyami; 6 who had been stripped and carried away captive from Yerushalayim with the captivity which had been carried away with King Yekonyah of Yehudah, whom Nevuchadnetser the King of Bavel had stripped and carried away. 7 And he raised Hadassah (she is Ester) his uncle’s daughter; for she had neither father nor mother, and the girl was fair and beautiful in appearance; whom Mordekai took for his own daughter when her father and mother were dead. 8 So it was, when the King’s commandment and his decree was heard, and when many young women had been gathered together to Shushan the palace, to the custody of Hegai, that Ester was brought to the king’s house, to the custody of Hegai, keeper of the women. 9 And the young woman was pleasing in his eyes, and she obtained kindness from him. And he hurried her perfumers and her lots to give to her, and 7 young women, seen to give to her out of the King’s house. And he preferred her and her maids to the best place of the house of the women. 10 Ester had not revealed her people or her relatives, for Mordekai had charged her that she should not explain it. 11 And Mordekai walked day by day before the court of the women’s house, to know the welfare of Ester, and what would happen to her. 12 And when every young woman’s turn came to go in to King Achashverosh, at the end of her being 12 months by the law of women (for so were the days of their purifications fulfilled, 6 months with oil of myrrh and 6 months with fragrances and perfumes of the women). 13 And in this way the young woman goes in to the King; all that she said was given her to go with her out of the women’s house to the King’s house. 14 In the evening she went, and at the dawn she returned to the second house of the women, to the hand of Shaashgaz, the King’s eunuch, keeper of the concubines. She did not come to the King anymore, except the King delighted in her, and she was called by name. 15 Now when the turn of Ester, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordekai, who had taken her for his daughter, was come to go in to the King, she required nothing but what Hegai the King’s eunuch, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Ester was rising in favour in the sight of all seeing her. 16 So Ester was taken to King Achashverosh into his royal house in the 10th month, which is the month Tebet, in the 7th year of his reign. 17 And the King loved Ester above all the women, and she rose in grace and favour in his sight more than all the virgins, so that he set the royal crown on her head, and made her to reign instead of Vashti. 18 Then the King made a great feast for all his princes and his servants, the feast of Ester.  And he made a day of rest to the provinces, and gave gifts by the hand of the King. 19 And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordekai sat in the King’s gate. 20 Ester had not yet explained her relatives or her people, as Mordekai had charged her. For Ester did the command of Mordekai, the same as when she was brought up by him.
21 In those days, while Mordekai sat in the king’s gate, two of the King’s eunuchs, Bigtan and Teresh, who guarded the door, were angry, and sought to stretch out a hand against King Achashverosh. 22 And the thing was known to Mordekai, who told it to Ester the Queen; and Ester informed the King in Mordekai’s name. 23 And the matter was searched and found out, and they were both hanged on a tree. And it was written in the book of the Matters of the Days before the King.

Glossary

Achashverosh – Ahasuerus (variously identified as Xerxes I, or one of the Artaxerxes)

Shushan – Susa

Yehudi – Jew

Mordekai – Mordecai

Yair – Jair

Binyami – Benjamite

Yerushalayim – Jerusalem

Yekonyah – Jeconiah

Yehudah – Judah

Nevuchadnetsar – Nebuchadnezzar

Bavel – Babel/Babylon

Ester – Esther

Bigtan – Bigthan

Where the Aleph Tavs occur

Verse 1: After these things, when the anger of King Achashverosh was appeased, he remembered את Vashti and את what she had done, and את what was decreed against her.

Verse 3: And let the king appoint superintendents in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they may gather את all the young women, virgins, fair of form, to Shushan the palace, to the house of the women to the custody of Hegai the king’s eunuch, keeper of the women; and let their things for purification be given them.

Verse 7: And he raised את Hadassah (she is Ester) his uncle’s daughter; for she had neither father nor mother, and the girl was fair and beautiful in appearance; whom Mordekai took for his own daughter when her father and mother were dead.

Verse 9: And the young woman was pleasing in his eyes, and she obtained kindness from him. And he hastened את her perfumers and את her lots to give to her, and את seven young women, seen to give to her out of the king’s house. And he preferred her and her maids to the best place of the house of the women.

Verse 10: Had not revealed Ester את her people or את her kindred, for Mordekai had charged her that she should not explain it.

Verse 11: And Mordekai walked day by day before the court of the women’s house, to know את the welfare of Ester, and what would happen to her.

Verse 13: And in this way the young woman goes in to the king; את all that she said was given her to go with her out of the women’s house to the king’s house.

Verse 15: Now when the turn of Ester, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordekai, who had taken her for his daughter, was come to go in to the king, she required nothing but את what Hegai the king’s eunuch, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Ester was rising in favour in the sight of all seeing her.

Verse 17: And loved the king את Ester above all the women, and she rose in grace and favour in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown on her head, and made her to reign instead of Vashti.

Verse 18: Then the king made a great feast for all his princes and his servants, את the feast of Ester; and he made a day of rest to the provinces, and gave gifts by the hand of the king.

Verse 20: Ester had not yet explained her kindred or את her people, as Mordekai had charged her. For Ester did the commandment of Mordekai, like as when she was brought up by him.

19 thoughts on “Restored English Translation of Esther: Chapter 4

  1. Fascinating, thank you so much for sharing!! I am currently writing an historical fiction based off of the life of Esther and the surrounding events and this was so fascinating to read!!
    I wanted to share something with you, about the following verses:
    “19. And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordekai sat in the King’s gate. 20 Ester had not yet explained her relatives or her people, as Mordekai had charged her. For Ester did the command of Mordekai, the same as when she was brought up by him.”
    – I don’t know if you have ever read any of the Talmud before (if you do, some of it matches up with the Bible, while a lot of times it does not), but if you read in it where it talks about Esther, it says that the virgins were gathered a second time by Xerxes, because he was mad that Esther would not tell him who her people were and wanted to make her jealous. I don’t know how reliable that is, but I found it fascinating and thought I would pass it along. 🙂
    Have a wonderful day and keep up the good work!!

    Liked by 1 person

      1. Thanks so much!! I have not, is it a good read?
        And yes!! Haman must have been mortified to realize that Esther was a Hebrew. I can’t imagine the panic that he went through as he realized his horrible fate!

        Liked by 1 person

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