Restored English Translation of Esther: Chapter 14

At LONG last, here is my Restored English Translation (RET) of Ester (Esther) chapter 14.  (So sorry at how sporadic my RET posts have become!)  As usual, it contains the Hebrew names, with a glossary of them afterward.  At the end is a list of where the Aleph Tavs occur, as they are no longer included in the main text.

You probably know this as Chapter 9; see Restored English Translation of Esther: Chapter 1 and The Canon of Scripture, Part 1: The Apocrypha.

CHAPTER 14

1 And in the 12th month (that is the month Adar), on the 13th day, when the king’s word and his edict drew near to happen, in the day that the enemies of the Yehudim hoped to have power over them (though it was overturned, so that the Yehudim had rule over those who hated them), 2 the Yehudim assembled together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Achashverosh, to lay hand on those who sought their hurt. And no man stood in their presence, for the fear of them fell on all people. 3 And all the princes of the provinces, and the satraps, and the prefects, and the ministers of the king, lifted up the Yehudim, because the fear of Mordekai fell on them. 4 For Mordekai was great in the king’s house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces; for this man Mordekai was growing in greatness. 5 And the Yehudim struck all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they wanted to those that hated them. 6 And in Shushan the palace the Yehudim slew and destroyed 500 men.

7 And Parshandata,
and Dalfon,
and Aspata,
8 and Porata,
and Adalya,
and Aridata,

9 and Parmashta,
and Arisai,
and Aridai,
and Vayezata,

10 the 10 sons of Haman the son of Hammedata, the enemy of the Yehudim, they killed; but they did not lay their hand on the spoil. 11 On that day the number of those that were killed in Shushan the palace was presented to the king. 12 And the King said to Ester the Queen, “The Yehudim have killed and destroyed 500 men in Shushan the palace, and the 10 sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king’s provinces? Now what is your petition? And it will be granted you. Or what is your further request? And it will be done.” 13 Then Ester said, “If it is good to the king, let it be granted to the Yehudim who are in Shushan to do tomorrow also according to this day’s decree, and let the 10 sons of Haman be hanged on the wooden gallows.” 14 And the king commanded it to be done so. And the royal edict was given at Shushan; and they hanged the 10 sons of Haman. 15 For the Yehudim who were in Shushan gathered on the 14th day of the month Adar, and slew 300 men at Shushan; but they did not lay their hand on the spoil. 16 And the rest of the Yehudim who were in the king’s provinces gathered themselves together and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and killed 75,000 of those hating them, but they did not lay their hands on the spoil, 17 on the 13th day of the month Adar; and they rested on the 14th day of it, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 18 But the Yehudim who were at Shushan assembled together on the 13th day of it; and on the 14th day of it; and they rested on the 15th day of it, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 19 Therefore the Yehudim of the villages, who lived in the unwalled towns, celebrated the 14th day of the month Adar with gladness and feasting, and as a holiday, and of sending presents to one another.

20 And Mordekai wrote things these, and sent letters to all the Yehudim who were in all the provinces of the King Achashverosh, near and far, 21 to establish among them that they should keep the 14th day of the month Adar, and the 15th day of the same, yearly, 22 as the days in which the Yehudim had rest from their enemies, and the month which was turned from sorrow to joy for them, and from mourning into a good day, that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions to one another, and gifts to the poor.

23 And the Yehudim undertook to do as they had begun, and as Mordekai had written to them, 24 because Haman the son of Hammedata the Agagi, the enemy of all the Yehudim, had plotted against the Yehudim to destroy them, and had cast Pur (that is, the lot) to consume them, and to destroy them. 25 But when Ester came before the King, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which Haman had devised against the Yehudim, should return on his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the wooden gallows. 26 So after this they called these days Purim, after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come to them, 27 the Yehudim established and imposed it on themselves, and on their descendants, and on all who would join them, so they would keep these two days without fail according to their writing, and according to their time every year; 28 and that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim should not fail among the Yehudim, nor the memory of them perish from their seed.

29 Then Ester the queen, the daughter of Abichail, and Mordekai the Yehudi, wrote with all authority to confirm this second letter of Purim. 30 And he sent the letters to all the Yehudim, to the 127 provinces of the kingdom of Achashverosh, with words of peace and truth, 31 to confirm these days of Purim in their times, as Mordekai the Yehudi and Ester the queen had prescribed them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their descendants, the matters of the fastings and their cry. 32 And the decree of Ester confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in the book.

Glossary

Yehudim – Jews

Achashverosh – Ahasuerus (either Xerxes or Artaxerxes)

Mordekai – Mordecai

Shushan – Susa

Parshandata – Parshandatha

Dalfon – Dalphon

Aspata – Aspatha

Adalya – Adalja

Aridata – Aridatha

Parmashta – Parmashtha

Vayezata – Vajezatha

Hammedata – Hammedatha

Ester – Esther

Abichail – Abihail

Yehudi – Jew

Where the Aleph Tavs occur

Verse 3: And all the princes of the provinces, and the satraps, and the prefects, and the ministers of the king, lifted up את the Yehudim, because the fear of Mordekai fell on them.

Verse 7: And את Parshandata, and את Dalfon, and את Aspata

Verse 8: and את Porata, and את Adalya, and את Aridata,

Verse 9: and את Parmashta, and את Arisai, and את Aridai, and את Vayezata,

Verse 10: the 10 sons of Haman the son of Hammedata, the enemy of the Yehudim, they killed; but on the spoil they did not lay את their hand.

Verse 12: And the King said to Ester the Queen, “The Yehudim have killed and destroyed 500 men in Shushan the palace, and את 10 the sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king’s provinces? Now what is your petition? And it will be granted you. Or what is your further request? And it will be done.”

Verse 13: Then Ester said, “If it is good to the king, let it be granted to the Yehudim who are in Shushan to do tomorrow also according to this day’s decree, and את 10 sons of Haman let be hanged on the wooden gallows.”

Verse 14: And the king commanded it to be done so. And the royal edict was given at Shushan; and את 10 sons of Haman they hanged.

Verse 15: For the Yehudim who were in Shushan gathered on the 14th day of the month Adar, and slew 300 men at Shushan; but on the prey they did not lay את their hand.

Verse 16: And the rest of the Yehudim who were in the king’s provinces gathered themselves together and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and killed 75,000 of those hating them, but they did not lay את their hands on the prey,

Verse 19: Therefore the Yehudim of the villages, who lived in the unwalled towns, celebrated את day 14th of the month Adar with gladness and feasting, and as a holiday, and of sending presents to one another.

Verse 21: to establish among them, that they should keep את day the 14th of the month Adar, and את day the 15th of the same, yearly,

Verse 23: And undertook the Yehudim את to do as they had begun, and את as had written Mordekai to them,

Verse 25: But when Ester came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which Haman had devised against the Yehudim, should return on his own head, and that he and את his sons should be hanged on the wooden gallows.

Verse 27: the Yehudim established and imposed it on themselves, and on their descendants, and on all who would join them, so without fail they would keep את two days these according to their writing, and according to their time every year;

Verse 29: Then wrote Ester the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordekai the Yehudi, with את all authority, to confirm את second letter this of Purim.

Verse 31: to confirm את days these of Purim in their times, as Mordekai the Yehudi and Ester the queen had prescribed them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their descendants, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

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