History’s Longest-Reigning Monarchs

Earlier this year, Queen Elizabeth II of Australia and the other 15 Commonwealth realms reached 68 years on the throne, making her the longest-reigning and longest-lived monarch in our (and the other Commonwealth realms') history, as well as the oldest living current or former monarch, oldest current world leader, and longest-serving current leader. [Edit 7 … Continue reading History’s Longest-Reigning Monarchs

Stranger Things

Blockbusters Reviewed

Welcome to the 33rd edition of My Fortnightly Movie/TV Thoughts! Last fortnight, I reviewed Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (2016) and Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald (2018). This fortnight, I’m reviewing:

  • Stranger Things (2016-present), overall rated MA15+ for strong blood and gore, strong horror themes, supernatural themes, horror violence

(Note that Season 1 is rated M for supernatural themes and violence, Season 2 is rated M for coarse language, violence, supernatural themes, and Season 3 is rated MA15+ for strong blood and gore, strong horror themes, horror violence.)

Those are of course the Australian ratings; I’m not sure what the US ratings are.

As usual, I’ll give the trailers and clips at the end. And as usual, I offer the following disclaimer, JUST to be safe:


Stranger Things

Stranger Things | Netflix Official Site

The Netflix Original series by the Duffer Brothers became…

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The Ashkenazis: Jews or Khazars?

J-M's History Corner

Here, at long last, is the article I promised you in The Forgotten Jews almost 3 months ago.

The Ashkenazis, otherwise known as the Ashkenazim, make up the vast majority of world Jewry.  They come from Eastern Europe, particularly (but not exclusively) Germany.  The second-largest group is the Sephardim, who come from Spain, followed by the Mizrahim, who stayed in the Middle East.

However, there is a theory – founded in the 1800s, and holding some small degree of popularity today – that the Ashkenazim are not Jews; but rather, Gentile descendants of the Khazars.  The Khazars were a Turkish people whose empire, known as Khazaria, lasted from about 650 AD to 969 AD.

Is this claim true, or false?


This argument is used fairly frequently for arguing a Khazarian (or at least Gentile) origin for the Ashkenazim.  It derives from the following passage:

The sons of Japheth

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