The British Monarchs

Despite the common incorrect conflation of English and British, the British monarchy first came into existence in 1707, when the Kingdom of England (which included Wales) and the Kingdom of Scotland merged to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. This country existed until 1801, when it merged with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. This state existed until 1922, when it split, the bulk of the country becoming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, which has existed since then.

The monarch was thus titled Queen of Great Britain (or King of Great Britain when a man) from 1707 to 1801, and King of the United Kingdom (or Queen of the United Kingdom when a woman) since 1801.

Anne

1 May 1707 – 1 August 1714

House of Stuart

George I

1 August 1714 – 11 June 1727

House of Hanover

Great-grandson of James VI and I, second cousin of Anne

George II

11 June 1727 – 25 October 1760

House of Hanover

Son of George I

George III

25 October 1760 – 29 January 1820

House of Hanover

Grandson of George II

George IV

29 January 1820 – 26 June 1830

House of Hanover

Son of George III

William IV

26 June 1830 – 20 June 1837

House of Hanover

Son of George III, brother of George IV

Victoria

20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901

House of Hanover

Granddaughter of George III, niece of George IV and William IV

Edward VII

22 January 1901 – 6 May 1910

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Son of Victoria

George V

6 May 1910 – 20 January 1936

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (until 1917)

House of Windsor (from 1917)

Son of Edward VII

Edward VIII

20 January – 11 December 1936

House of Windsor

Son of George V

George VI

11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952

House of Windsor

Son of George V, brother of Edward VIII

Elizabeth II

6 February 1952 – present

House of Windsor

Daughter of George VI

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