The British Royal Consorts

If you’re getting sick of British royal posts, relax I’m almost done.

Like in the prior English and Scottish kingdoms, the wife of a King is a Queen – the Queen of Great Britain prior to 1801, and the Queen of the United Kingdom since then – while the husband of a Queen does not automatically get a new title (although out of the 3 male Consorts, the last two – Albert and Philip – were given new titles by their wives). However, all 3 male Consorts to date were foreign Princes in their own right – with Albert and Philip being additionally created British princes as well – and so they are colloquially referred to as Prince Consort of Great Britain or Prince Consort of the United Kingdom (although Albert was the only one to actually hold that title).

At the end are the monarch’s spouses who were not the royal consort.

Prince George of Denmark, Duke of Cumberland

1 May 1707 – 28 October 1708

House of Oldenburg

Husband of Anne

Princess Caroline of Ansbach

11 June 1727 – 20 November 1737

House of Hohenzollern (birth)

House of Hanover (marriage)

Wife of George II

Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

8 September 1761 – 17 November 1818

House of Mecklenburg (birth)

House of Hanover (marriage)

Wife of George III

Princess Caroline of Brunswick

29 January 1820 – 7 August 1821

House of Brunswick-Bevern (birth)

House of Hanover (marriage)

Wife of George IV

Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen

26 June 1830 – 20 June 1837

House of Saxe-Meiningen (birth)

House of Hanover (marriage)

Wife of William IV

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

10 February 1840 – 14 December 1861

House of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (birth)

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (from 1826)

Husband of Victoria

Princess Alexandra of Denmark

22 January 1901 – 6 May 1910

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (birth)

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (marriage)

Wife of Edward VII

Princess Mary of Teck

6 May 1910 – 20 January 1936

House of Teck (birth)

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (marriage, until 1917)

House of Windsor (marriage, from 1917)

Wife of George V

Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952

House of Bowes-Lyon (birth)

House of Windsor (marriage)

Wife of George VI

Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, Duke of Edinburgh

6 February 1952 – 9 April 2021

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (birth)

House of Mountbatten (from 1947)

Husband of Elizabeth II

THOSE WHO DIDN’T BECOME CONSORT

Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle

Married the future King George I in 1682, but they divorced in 1694, 20 years before her ex-husband inherited the throne.

House of Hanover

Maria Fitzherbert (nee Smythe)

Secretly married the future King George IV in 1785 in a legally void ceremony, 35 years before her husband inherited the throne; thus while she outlived her husband and they never divorced, she was never Queen nor consort.

House of Hanover (marriage)

Wallis Simpson (nee Warfield)

Married the former King Edward VIII in 1937, several months after his abdication.

House of Windsor (marriage)

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