Restored English Translation of Genesis: Chapter 42

Today I present my Restored English Translation (RET) of Beresheet (Genesis) chapter 42.  As usual, it contains the Hebrew names, with a glossary of them after the chapter.  At the end is a list of where the Aleph/Tavs occur, as they are no longer included in the main text.

CHAPTER 42

1 And Ya’akov saw that there was grain in Mitsrayim. And Ya’akov said to his sons, “Why do you look at each other?” 2 And he said, “Behold, I have heard that there is grain in Mitsrayim. Go down there and buy for us from there, that we may live and not die.” 3 And Yosef’s 10 brothers went down to buy grain in Mitsrayim. 4 But Ya’akov did not send Yosef’s brother Binyamin with his brothers; for he said, “Lest perhaps harm come to him.” 5 And the sons of Yisra’el came to buy grain among those that came, for the famine was in the land of Kena’an. 6 And Yosef was the governor over the land, and it was he that sold to all the people of the land. And Yosef’s brothers came and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth. 7 And Yosef saw his brothers, and he knew them, but made himself strange to them, and spoke roughly to them. And he said to them, “Where do you come from?” And they answered, “From the land of Kena’an to buy food.” 8 And Yosef knew his brothers, but they did not know him. 9 And Yosef remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see the nakedness of the land.” 10 And they said to him, “No, my master, but your servants have come to buy food. 11 We are all one man’s sons; we are honest men. Your servants are no spies.” 12 And he said to them, “No, but you have come to see the nakedness of the land.” 13 And they said, “Your servants are 12 brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Kena’an. And behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and the one is not.” 14 And Yosef said to them, “That is it what I spoke to you, saying, ‘You are spies.’ 15 By this you will be proved: as Pharaoh lives you will not go out from here, except your youngest brother come in here. 16 Send one of you and let him bring your brother. And you will be imprisoned, that your words may be proved, whether truth is in you. Or else by the life of Pharaoh surely you are spies.” 17 And he put them under guard for 3 days. 18 And Yosef said to them on the 3rd day, “Do this and live, for I fear ELOHIM: 19 if you be true men, let one of your brothers be bound in the house of your prison. You go, carry grain for the famine to your houses. 20 But bring your youngest brother to me. So your will words be verified, and you will not die.” And they did so. 21 And they said one to his brother, “We are truly guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul when he begged us, and we would not listen. For that reason this distress has come on us.” 22 And Re’uven answered them, saying, “Didn’t I speak to you, saying, ‘Do not sin against the child,’ and you would not listen? As a result, behold, his blood is also required.” 23 And they did not know that Yosef understood them, for the interpreter was between them. 24 And he turned himself from them and wept. And he returned to them again and spoke with them, and took Shimon from them, and bound him before their eyes. 25 Then Yosef commanded and they filled their vessels with grain, and restored every man’s silver into his sack, and gave food to them for the way. And he did right to them. 26 And they loaded their grain on their donkeys and departed from there. 27 And one opened his sack to give food to his donkey in the camp, and he saw his silver, and behold, it was in his sack’s mouth! 28 And he said to his brothers, “My silver is restored! And behold, it is even in my sack.” And their heart sank and they were afraid, saying one to another, “What is this that ELOHIM has done to us?” 29 And they came to their father Ya’akov to the land of Kena’an, and told him all that happened to them, saying, 30 “The man who is the master of the land spoke roughly to us, and took us for spies in the land. 31 And we said to him, ‘We are honest men. We are not spies. 32 We are 12 brothers, sons of our father. One is not, and the youngest is today with our father in the land of Kena’an.’ 33 And the man, the master of the country, said to us, ‘By this I will know that you are honest men: leave your brother, the one, here with me, and for the famine take food for your houses, and go. 34 And bring your youngest brother to me. Then I will know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men. I will give to you your brother, and you may trade in the land.'” 35 And it was as they emptied their sacks, that behold, every man’s bundle of silver was in his sack! And when both they and their father saw the bundles of silver, they were afraid. 36 And their father Ya’akov said to them, “You have bereaved me. Yosef is not, and Shimon is not, and you will take Binyamin. All these things are against me.” 37 And Re’uven spoke to his father, saying, “You may kill my two sons if I do not bring him to you. Give him into my hand, and I will bring him back to you.” 38 And he said, “My son will not go down with you, for his brother is dead, and he alone is left. If harm befall him by the way in the which you go, then you will bring down my grey hairs to the grave with sorrow.”

Glossary

Ya’akov – Jacob

Mitsrayim – Egypt

Yosef – Joseph

Binyamin – Benjamin

Kena’an – Canaan

ELOHIM – God

Re’uven – Reuben

Shimon – Simeon

Where the Aleph/Tavs occur

Verse 4: But את Binyamin, Yosef’s brother, Ya’akov did not send with his brothers; for he said, “Lest perhaps harm come to him.”

Verse 7: And saw Yosef את his brothers, and he knew them, but made himself strange to them, and spoke roughly to them. And he said to them, “Where do you come from?” And they answered, “From the land of Kena’an to buy food.”

Verse 9: And remembered Yosef את the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see את the nakedness of the land.”

Verse 16: Send one of you and let him bring את your brother. And you will be imprisoned, that your words may be proved, whether truth is in you. Or else by the life of Pharaoh surely you are spies.”

Verse 18: And Yosef said to them on the 3rd day, “This את do and live, for את ELOHIM I fear:

Verse 20: But את your brother youngest bring to me. So your will words be verified, and you will not die.” And they did so.

Verse 24: And he turned himself from them and wept. And he returned to them again and spoke with them, and took from them את Shimon, and bound him before their eyes.

Verse 25: Then Yosef commanded and they filled את their vessels with grain, and restored every man’s silver into his sack, and gave food to them for the way. And he did right to them.

Verse 26: And they loaded את their grain on their donkeys and departed from there.

Verse 27: And opened one את his sack to give food to his donkey in the camp, and he saw את his silver, and behold, it was in his sack’s mouth!

Verse 29: And they came to their father Ya’akov to the land of Kena’an, and told him את all that happened to them, saying,

Verse 30: The man who is the master of the land spoke roughly to us, and took us for spies את in the land.

Verse 32: We are 12 brothers, sons of our father. One is not, and the youngest is today with את our father in the land of Kena’an.’

Verse 33: And the man, the master of the country, said to us, ‘By this I will know that you are honest men: leave your brother, the one, here with me, and את for the famine take food for your houses, and go.

Verse 34: And bring את your brother youngest to me. Then I will know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men. את Your brother I will give to you, and את in the land you may trade.'”

Verse 35: And it was as they emptied their sacks, that behold, every man’s bundle of silver was in his sack! And when both they and their father saw את the bundles of silver, they were afraid.

Verse 36: And their father Ya’akov said to them, “You have bereaved me. Yosef is not, and Shimon is not, and את Benjamin you will take. All these things are against me.”

Verse 37: And Re’uven spoke to his father, saying, “את two my sons you may kill if I do not bring him to you. Give him into my hand, and I will bring him back to you.”

Verse 38: And he said, “My son will not go down with you, for his brother is dead, and he alone is left. If harm befall him by the way in the which you go, then you will bring down את my grey hairs to the grave with sorrow.”

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