The Scottish Royal Consorts

The following were the spouses of the Kings and Queens of Scotland who were married to the sovereign during his or her reign. At the end is a list of spouses who did not become the royal consort, usually because they died early.

The wife of a King was titled Queen of the Picts until the 890s, and Queen of Scotland after that, with many styled Queen of Scots from the 1000s onwards.

There were no rules for the title of the husband of a Queen; out of the 3 male Consorts – who were all married to Mary I – the first two (Francis II of France and Lord Darnley) were titled King of Scotland or King of Scots (as King Consort, not as actual monarch), primarily because Francis was a monarch in his own right, and the third (Lord Bothwell) was created a Duke, but never possessed a royal title.

Prior to the reign of King Macbeth, details about the wives of Scottish kings are scant.

Suthen

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of Duncan I

Gruoch of Scotland

1040 – 1054

House of Alpin (birth)

House of Moray (marriage)

Wife of Macbeth

Ingibiorg Finnsdottir

c.1058 – 1069

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of Malcolm III

Princess Saint Margaret of Wessex

1070 – 13 November 1093

House of Wessex (birth)

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of Malcolm III

Ethelreda of Northumbria

Either 1090 or 1093 – 12 November 1094

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of Duncan II

Sybilla of Normandy

c.1107 – either 12 or 13 July 1122

House of Normandy (birth)

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of Alexander I

Maud, Countess of Huntingdon

Either April or May 1124 – either 1130 or 1131

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of David I

Ermengarde de Beaumont

5 September 1186 – 4 December 1214

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of William I

Joan of England

21 June 1221 – 4 March 1238

House of Plantagenet (birth)

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of Alexander II

Marie de Coucy

15 May 1239 – 6 July 1249

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of Alexander II

Margaret of England

26 December 1251 – 26 February 1275

House of Plantagenet (birth)

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of Alexander III

Yolande, Countess of Montfort

15 October 1285 – 19 March 1286

House of Dreux (birth)

House of Dunkeld (marriage)

Wife of Alexander III

Elizabeth de Burgh

25 March 1306 – 27 October 1327

House de Burgh (birth)

House of Bruce (marriage)

Wife of Robert I

Joan of the Tower

7 June 1329 – 11 August 1332

16 December 1332 – 20 July 1333

1334 – 7 September 1362

House of Plantagenet (birth)

House of Bruce (marriage)

Wife of David II

Margaret Drummond

20 February 1364 – 20 March 1369

House of Drummond (birth)

House of Bruce (marriage)

Wife of David II

Euphemia de Ross

22 February 1371 – 1386

House of Stewart (marriage)

Wife of Robert II

Annabella Drummond

19 April 1390 – October 1401

House of Drummond (birth)

House of Stewart (marriage)

Wife of Robert III

Lady Joan Beaufort

2 February 1424 – 21 February 1437

House of Beaufort (birth)

House of Stewart (marriage)

Wife of James I

Mary of Guelders

3 July 1449 – 3 August 1460

House of Egmond (birth)

House of Stewart (marriage)

Wife of James II

Princess Margaret of Denmark

July 1469 – 14 July 1486

House of Oldenburg (birth)

House of Stewart (marriage)

Wife of James III

Margaret Tudor

8 August 1503 – 9 September 1513

House of Tudor (birth)

House of Stewart (marriage)

Wife of James IV

Princess Madeleine of Valois

1 January – 7 July 1537

House of Valois-Angoulême (birth)

House of Stewart (marriage)

Wife of James V

Mary of Guise

9 May 1538 – 14 December 1542

House of Guise (birth)

House of Stewart (marriage)

Wife of James V

Francis II, King of France

24 April 1558 – 5 December 1560

House of Valois-Angoulême

Husband of Mary I

Henry Stuart, Duke of Albany

29 July 1565 – 10 February 1567

House of Stuart

Husband of Mary I

James Hepburn, Duke of Orkney

15 May – 24 July 1567

Husband of Mary I

Princess Anne of Denmark

20 August 1589 – 2 March 1619

House of Oldenburg (birth)

House of Stuart (marriage)

Wife of James VI

Princess Henrietta Maria of France

13 June 1625 – 30 January 1649

House of Bourbon (birth)

House of Stuart (marriage)

Wife of Charles I

Infanta Catherine of Braganza

23 April 1662 – 6 February 1685

House of Braganza (birth)

House of Stuart (marriage)

Wife of Charles II

Princess Mary of Modena

6 February 1685 – 11 April 1689

House of Este (birth)

House of Stuart (marriage)

Wife of James VII

Prince George of Denmark, Duke of Cumberland

8 March 1702 – 1 May 1707

House of Oldenburg

Husband of Anne

ROYAL SPOUSES WHO WERE NEVER THE CONSORT

Isabella de Warenne

Married the future King John on 9 February 1281, but she is believed to have died some time before her husband ascended the throne in 1292 (although some historians disagree)

House of Balliol (marriage)

Isabella of Mar

Married the future King Robert I in the 1290s, but died on 12 December 1296, a decade before her husband seized the throne.

House of Mar (birth)

House of Bruce (marriage)

Elizabeth Mure

Married the future King Robert II in 1336 and again in 1349, but she died in 1355, 16 years before her husband inherited the throne.

House of Stewart (marriage)

Anne Hyde

Married the future King James VII on 3 September 1660, but died on 31 March 1671, 14 years before her husband inherited the throne.

House of Stuart (marriage)

Maria Clementina Sobieska

Married the former and future King James VIII on 3 September 1719, 4 years after the end of her husband’s first reign, but died on 18 January 1735, a decade before his second reign.

House of Sobieski (birth)

House of Stuart (marriage)

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